This background document has been developed as an input to the Swedish results strategy process for Syria at the request of Syria Strategy Group, Sida, Stockholm. The Helpdesk was assigned to provide a brief desk analysis to mainly answer the following three questions.
1. Is there evidence that climate change is behind the dry periods and food uncertainty in Syria in the 2000s?
2. What are the major known risks/vulnerabilities linked to climate change in Syria and its neighbouring countries?
3. What does the administration decay in Syria mean for the country and the region’s ability to plan/manage these risks/challenges? What capacity existed before the civil war broke out, and what capacity is most important to save in Syria, not to lose too much ground? What are the consequences for the neighbouring countries?
Author: Ulrika Åkesson and Knud Falk